There are 10 countries with the highest and lowest levels of electrification in Africa

There are 10 countries with the highest and lowest levels of electrification in Africa

#Morocco : Africa has a population of 568 million without access to electricity with great diversity depending on the country. A total of 6 countries have an electrification rate of 100%, while more than half of the countries have an electrification rate of less than 50%, according to the World Bank.

The African Development Bank (AFDB) in its Annual Development Effectiveness Report (ADER) reports significant progress in electrification on the African continent, with electrification rates increasing from 42% in 2015 to 56% in 2021.Tracking SDG 7: The Energy Progress Report“(Monitoring report on progress under the Sustainable Development Goal 7) The World Bank has just shown a huge delay in Africa’s electrification.

According to the report, 733 million people worldwide do not have access to electricity, including 568 million Africans. This means that in 2020, Africa has 77.% of the world’s people without access to electricity, compared with 71% in 2018, while 91% of the world’s population has access to electricity. Thus, the situation has not improved in recent years, especially in 2020 due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the disruption of global supply chains and the redistribution of certain tax resources to related expenditure due to the increase in food products and hydrocarbons. And the situation is expected to worsen this year with the energy crisis resulting from the war in Ukraine.

>>> READ ALSO: Electrification: Sub-Saharan Africa is still lagging behind in access to electricity

In addition, the report emphasizes that “flows of international public funding to clean energy developing countries are declining for the second year in a row. It was $ 10.9 billion in 2019, despite the immense needs for sustainable development in most countries and the growing urgency of climate change. This amount decreased by almost 24% compared to the previous year.

With 568 million people without access to electricity, Africa is by far the least electrified continent. However, there are huge differences between regions and countries. It is in sub-Saharan Africa that we have the lowest level of electrification. This region alone concentrates 77% of the world’s population without access to electricity. On the other hand, North African countries have almost 100% electrification rates. This is the case in Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria, all of which have an electrification rate of 100%. The electrification rate in Libya continues to fall from 100% in 2000 to 70% in 2020 due to the civil war.

>>> READ ALSO: ECOWAS: very low electrification rates despite the exceptional potential of renewable energy

In sub-Saharan Africa, the rate of electrification increased from 46% in 2018 to 48% in 2020, although its position worldwide has deteriorated. However, the differences in this region are huge. The best rates of electrification can be attributed to Mauritius (100%), Seychelles (100%), Cape Verde (94%), Gabon (92%), Comoros (87%), Ghana (86%), South Africa (84%)), Eswatini (80%), Botswana (72%), Kenya (71%), Ivory Coast (70%), Senegal (70%) and Libya (70%).

Here are the 10 most and least electrified countries in Africa


Electrification rate


Electrification rate



South Sudan
















Central African Republic




Burkina Faso


green cap


DR Congo








Sierra Leone






The countries where we find the largest number of people without access to electricity are Nigeria (92 million), the Democratic Republic of Congo (72 million), Ethiopia (56 million), Tanzania (36 million) and Uganda (26 million).

South Sudan is the country with the lowest level of electrification in the world and less than 8% of the population has access to electricity, even though it is an oil producer. There is a lot to do with the civil war that is ravaging the country.

Chad (11%), Burundi (12%), Malawi (15%), Burkina Faso (19%), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (19%) and Niger (19%) have electrification rates below 20%. As for Nigeria, the continent’s leading economic power, its electrification rate is around 45%, which is slightly less than Ethiopia’s (49%). We have noticed that the main oil producers on the continent have low levels of electrification, including Nigeria (45%), Angola (47%), Chad (11%), South Sudan (7%), etc.

>>> READ ALSO: Renewable energies: if Africa is a world champion, its electrification remains low

Clearly, universal access to electricity by 2030, the United Nations’ 7th Sustainable Development Goal (SDG), will not reach the continent.

However, Africa has all the means to give the entire population access to electricity. In addition to significant fossil resources (oil, gas, coal, etc.), the continent has the potential to develop renewable energy sources (wind, solar, geothermal, hydro, etc.) without joint measurement with other continents.10

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