Mali: sanctions maintained, polarity strengthened

Mali: sanctions maintained, polarity strengthened

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The exceptional ECOWAS and UEMOA summits, held in Accra on Saturday 4 June, allowed no progress for either Guinea, Burkina or Mali. The expected decisions were postponed to July 3. Bamako hoped for a possible lifting of the economic and financial sanctions that had hit Mali since early January.

In its final press release, ECOWAS suggests maintaining its sanctions and continuing the dialogue with the Malian authorities in transition, a contempt for the Malian authorities that have not yet officially responded, as well as the promise of a new period of tension.

The Malian authorities were already preparing to lift the embargo. According to several documents from the Malian Ministry of Economy, to which the RFI had access, instructions were even issued to mobilize customs personnel at the borders.

And for good reason. According to diplomatic sources, Bamako has agreed to revise its proposal to extend the transition by two years. how exactly? Sixteen? eighteen? Twenty months? The resources remain vaguely … but by no means enough to convince the strongest heads of state of ECOWAS, including the head of Niger and several English-speaking countries such as Ghana, The Gambia and, to a lesser extent, Nigeria. .

In any case, this new failure is synonymous with Malians, who hoped to lift or ease the sanctions that hit them, with disappointment, frustration, and even anger, which further polarizes Malian society.

For proponents of transitional authorities, ECOWAS is unable to listen to people’s suffering and respond to their desires. Their opponents, on the other hand, blame the coup army and their will to stay in power, instead of letting the Malians quickly choose their leaders through democratic elections. We are far from the appeasement and connection that both camps had hoped for. rebuild at the end of this summit. Negotiations are continuing.

Irresponsibility »ECOWAS leaders

Sory Ibrahima Traoré is the President of the Front for Reconstruction and Reconstruction in Mali (FER-Mali), which supports the transitional authorities. He reached the RFI and said to himself: surprised “from” irresponsibility ECOWAS Heads of State. ” The decision to maintain sanctions is an unpleasant surprise, but it only confirms our analysis of the lack of responsibility of the ECOWAS leaders, who, in our view, are waging a proxy war in Mali on behalf of France, which is a vague view of the partnership with the Russian Federation. “He believes.

Asked if he thinks France can manipulate them, even though Niger is one of the strongest countries, and especially English-speaking countries such as Ghana, the Gambia, Nigeria and Sory Ibrahim are categorical: ” Obviously ! It is clear that Mali is part of France’s sphere of influence, and given everything that is happening in international geopolitics, it is easy to understand that Russia’s influence is not to its liking. assures. Until July 3 [prochain sommet de la Cédéao, ndlr]We believe that ECOWAS will be more grateful for the efforts made by the authorities in the transition, and that these sanctions will be lifted because they affect all the people of the ECOWAS member countries, not just Mali. »

Make promises and go to the hole »

On the other side of the Malian political field, Ismaël Sacko chairs the PSDA, the African Social Democratic Party, which is a member of the Framework, which brings together Malian opposition parties. On the contrary, he said the Malian transitional authorities are responsible for this new failure of the negotiations.

The Malian transition authorities did not have the necessary tact to be the strength of the proposal in relation to the deadline expected by the ECOWAS Heads of State. It must also be acknowledged that there is a lack of trust between the Malian authorities and the ECOWAS Heads of State today due to non-compliance with the deadlines for the transition of the first phase and the management of the second phase. So it is important today for the Malian transition authorities to make promises, the necessary guarantees of mutual trust, but also to move forward: that there is a new prime minister who will be neutral, consensual, unifying and who can bring Mali back to the herd of the peoples’ concert, Analysis of Ishmael Sack. It is clear that the Heads of State of ECOWAS have also been quite tough, so we are asking them to be flexible and we welcome this state of mind in order to maintain negotiations on both sides that will continue to allow us to get out of this mess. »

► Also read: ECOWAS postpones decisions on crossings in Guinea, Mali and Burkina Faso


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