These professions, which do not yet exist …

These professions, which do not yet exist …

AI ethics, psychodesigners, egothels

Whether you’re asking an SNCF chat, navigating Waze, browsing a Facebook news channel, or translating a text on Google, artificial intelligence is already an integral part of your daily life. Although AI is still in its infancy, it has already begun to build up its share of new professions. The profiles of an AI engineer, data analyst or even a data scientist are among the most sought after by employers. And that’s just the beginning. With basic technologies such as machine learning or deep learning only recently leaving the world of laboratories, the skills needed to deploy and use them in business are not all subject to job creation. This is the case with AI ethics or personality skills. In large groups, however, we are beginning to conceptualize certain professions. For example, an AI ethicist will need to ensure that AI deployment rules meet the company’s ethical standards. As for the psydesigner, he takes care of how personal assistants and other chatbots express themselves by giving them values ​​and personality. This profile is then scripted by the egoteller, who will be responsible for the specific translation of this personality through AI behavior, her vocabulary, the tone of her voice, etc.

Surgeon specializing in telesurgery (remote surgery)

In 2001, Operation Lindbergh ushered in a new era of surgery. A patient hospitalized at Strasbourg University Hospital was operated on by a surgical robot operated by Professor Jacques Marescaux in New York. The interest of this technological act? Remove geographical restrictions and make advanced surgeries available worldwide. Further successful experiments since then have confirmed the extraordinary potential of remote robotic surgery. But while telemedicine has been widely democratized in many other medical disciplines, it remains very rare in operating theaters today. Network connection requirements are mainly to blame. Nevertheless, a very bright future is promised. Especially since robotically assisted surgery is experiencing a boom. The world’s best-selling Da Vinci robot has already sold nearly 6,000 copies. As for specific robotics training, if they stay “stutter”, according to the term used in the December 2021 report of the National Academy of Medicine, is expected to grow rapidly. The University of Lorraine already offers a degree in robotic surgery, including practical training in the use of the Da Vinci robot.

Chef specializes in food 3D printing

In the village of Wolvega in the north of the Netherlands, a new restaurant opened its gates in 2018. It is neither the completely black decoration of this former bank converted into a temple of gastronomy that makes the place original, nor the amazing local products that its three-star chef likes to work with. Its uniqueness lies behind the stove, where rather special officials operate: 3D printers. Octopus modeled from avocado, cauliflower muslin laces, chocolate arabesques … Gone are the days when these devices could only make small plastic items! Even in the kitchen, progress in three-dimensional printing or additive production heralds a real revolution. In addition to the precision of gestures and the creative freedoms it allows, this new food technology promises many other benefits, including dietary and organic. The sector understood this well. Several specialist producers are now involved in the agri-food sector. This is the case of the British start-up Choc Edge with its famous Choc Creator, Natural Machines and its Foodini or the giant 3D Systems and its ChefJet Pro. It is certain that with the arrival of increasingly sophisticated machines on the market, the pioneering initiative of the Dutch chef will soon be imitated.

Pilot of commercial space flights

“You can now unbuckle your seat belts.” » The formula couldn’t be more common in the cockpit. Much less was the mouth of the pilots of the Virgin Galactic flight on July 11, 2021. When Richard Branson and the other VSS Unity passengers could move freely in the cabin … in a state of weightlessness! The space tourism race started loudly last summer. A few days later, British billionaire businessman and his rival in space adventure Jeff Bezos successfully crossed the Karman line, a symbolic boundary between the Earth’s atmosphere and space. On the Virgin Galactic side, we have already announced the first commercial flight of private astronauts for the fourth quarter of 2022. For now, if ticket prices (sold between $ 200,000 and $ 450,000) reach a limited multibillion-dollar audience, the suborbital flight market should eventually turn into a real industry. Especially since tourism is not the only outlet that the pioneers of the industry are planning. Several US and Chinese companies are currently working to introduce long-haul space flights. This is the case with the highly publicized companies Virgin Galactic, SpaceX and Blue Origin, but also more discreet companies such as Axiom Space, Bigelow Aerospace or Chinese Space Transportation. This latest start-up has just announced the establishment since 2025 of a space line connecting Beijing with New York in just 1 hour. It remains to be seen who will pilot these new types of commercial flights. This issue has already been the subject of several studies and think tanks in the aviation community. The conclusions agree on the recruitment of pilots who already have many years of experience, preferably from the military aviation.

Air traffic controller for drones

What if the roar of drones became the background of our daily lives? It has been prophesied for several years: drones will be everywhere tomorrow. Entertainment, network monitoring, infrastructure diagnostics, mapping, shipment delivery … As professional use increases, the market is still trying to get started, which is hampered mainly by regulatory restrictions related to security. Without specific air traffic control, it is not possible to expand drone-related activities. Witness the disorder caused at London-Gatwick Airport in 2018 by the presence of drones near the runways. In addition to the significant increase in traffic – which should be mitigated by artificial intelligence – these drones bring new risks, which are currently being addressed by various government aviation safety authorities. Hacking, electronic frequency interference, possible communication problems between drones and controllers … Platforms specially designed to respond to these threats are being tested. In the United States, the Federal Aviation Administration has just announced an early entry into the testing phase of its prototype system. Israel and Singapore have already carried out similar tests. Warning for novice air traffic controllers, if you are worried about the crisis the sector is going through, know that the new niche should soon see the light of day.

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Article from T La Revue No. 9 “Working, is it really reasonable?” – Currently at the stands and available at kiosque.latribune.fr/t-la-revue

T La Revue No. 9